NCERT class 6th chapter 3 fibre to fabric, NCERT class 6 free solution, CTET Science Content, CTET Paper II

Chapter 3 Fibre to fabric


Fibres can be defined as the smallest unit of textile product and spun into yarn and finally, the fabric is made.

Fibres to Yarn, NCERT Class 6 Science Fibre to Fabric
Fibres to Yarn and then to Fabric

Yarn: - It is a long length of interlocked fibres that can be used for making of fabrics.

Natural and Synthetic Fibres, NCERT Class 6 Science Fibre to Fabric, nylon, cotton, jute, silk, wool
Natural and Synthetic Fibres

Some Plants Fibres


It is a fluffy, soft staple fibre that grows in a boll or protective case. Cotton is used for making fabric which is good for summer and also is used for filling mattresses, quilts, and pillows, etc. Cotton is grown in the field which has black soil and warm climate.

Cotton Flower to Cotton Fibres, NCERT Class 6 Science Fibre to Fabric, cotton boll, charkha
Cotton Flower to Cotton Fibres

Cotton Producing States

Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gujarat, etc.

Cotton Producing Countries

China, India, Unites States, Pakistan, Brazil, Uzbekistan, Turkey


Is a soft, long, shiny fibre that can be spun into coarse, which is collected from plant’s stem and this is cultivated during the rainy season.

Fibre extraction from Jute Stem, NCERT Class 6 Science Fibre to Fabric, Jute Fibres
Fibre extraction from Jute Stem

Jute Producing States

West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Odisha, Tripura, Meghalaya, Andhra Pradesh.

Jute Producing Countries

India, Bangladesh, China, Nepal, Uzbekistan, Brazil, Egypt, etc.

Spinning Cotton yarn

This is the process of making Yarn from fibres called Spinning.
For this process, two-hand devices are used Charkha and Takli (Hand Spindle)
Takli and Charkha, NCERT Class 6 Science Fibre to Fabric
Takli and Charkha

Yarn to Fabric

There are many ways but two are mains methods:

  • Weaving
  • Knitting


In this process, two sets of Yarns are arranged called as WeavingWeaving done on Looms, that can be Hand operated or Machine Operated.

Weaving Fabric, NCERT Class 6 Science Fibre to Fabric


In this technique, single yarn is used to make Fabric, This can be also done by hand and by using machines.

Knitting, knitting yards, NCERT Class 6 Science Fibre to Fabric, Yarn to Fabric

History of Clothing Materials

In ancient times human used to wear leaves and barks, animal furs and skins as clothing. Initially, they learn to weave twigs and grasses into basket and mats.

 Twig Basket and Mats, NCERT Class 6 Science Fibre to Fabric
Twig Basket and Mats


Flax plants give linen yarn, in ancient Egypt, cotton and flax cultivated near the Nile, the people there just used to drape the fabric as whole cloth.

After the invention of Needle human clothing evolved so much and started stitching the yarn into fabric. Saree, Dhoti, Turban, Lungi still used in our country as unstitched cloths.

thread and Needles, NCERT Class 6 Science Fibre to Fabric


Question 1: Classify the following fibres as natural or synthetic:
Nylon, wool, cotton, silk, polyester, jute

Natural Fibres: Wool, Jute, Silk, Cotton.
Synthetic Fibres: Nylon, Polyester

Question 2: State whether the following statements are true or false:
a) Yarn is made from fibres. True
b) Spinning is a process of making fibres. False
c) Jute is the outer covering of coconut. False
d) The process of removing seed from cotton is called ginning. True
e) Weaving of yarn makes a piece of fabric. True
f) Silk fibre is obtained from the stem of a plant. False
g) Polyester is a natural fibre. False

3. Fill in the blanks:
a) Plant fibres are obtained from Jute and Cotton.
b) Animals fibres are Wool and Silk.

Question 4: From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained?
Answer: Cotton is obtained from flower part of the plant and Jute is obtained from stem part of the plant.

Question 5. Name two items that are made from coconut fibres.
Answer: Ropes and mats.

Question 6: Explain the process of making yarn from fibres.
Answer: Fibres can be defined as smallest unit of textile product, twisted and spun into yarn process called as spinning and finally we can make fabric.

For more details visit:

NCERT 6th Class
Chapter 1: Food: Where does it come from?
Chapter 2: Components of Foods  

Keywords: Cotton, Wool, Fabric, Fibre, Knitting, Spinning, Weaving, Yarn, NCERT 6th class, Fibres to Fabric, CTET, CTET Paper-II, TGT, Science Content

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