CBSE Class 6 NCERT Solutions, CBSE Solutions, Free Class 6 Science Solutions, Free NCERT Solutions, Getting to Know Plants, NCERT Books Solution, NCERT CBSE Class 6 Science Solutions, NCERT CBSE Solutions, NCERT Solutions, NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Science Chapter, NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Science Solutions,

Chapter 7

Getting to Know Plants

In our environment, there are so many plants some are small, some are big, some are grounded, some have big flowers, some have small flowers, some have green leaves, some have red, some have broad leaves and some have small leaves, and there numerous varieties of plants and leaves.

NCERT class 6 science getting to know plants,
Plants that are shorter than us and have green and tender stems are called Herbs. The tomato and coriander are examples of herbs.

Herb, CBSE Class 6 NCERT Solutions,CBSE Class 6 Science Solutions,CBSE Solutions, Free Class 6 Science Solutions, Getting to Know Plants

Plants that are slightly taller than us and have branched out from the base and the stems are hard but not thick. These are called as shrubs.

Shrub, CBSE Class 6 NCERT Solutions,CBSE Class 6 Science Solutions,CBSE Solutions,Free Class 6 Science Solutions,Free NCERT Solutions,Getting to Know Plants

Plants usually taller than us and have a harder stem, numerous leaves and the root system is well developed are called trees, for example: Mango, neem, etc.

Tree, Getting to know plants, NCERT 6th class science

These plants have a weak stem and can’t stand upright and spread on the ground. For example Pumpkin, watermelon, etc.

Creepers, Pumpkin, Getting to know plants, NCERT 6th class
They have a thin, long stem that can take the support of other neighboring structures and climb and called Climbers. The examples are Grapes, Money plants, etc.

Climber, NCERT class 6th science getting to know plants
Weeds are called as unwanted planted sometime grow in our garden, farms which require weedicides or removal because they can affect the crop yield because weeds also fight for the nutrient.

It helps in the conduction of water and minerals. we can check this through the following shown experiment. The leaves and flower change to red in colour due to the upward movement of water through the stem.

Conduction through stem,
Conduction through Stem

Leaf, NCERT class 6th science, getting to know plants

Leaf venation 
It can be defined as the pattern present in the leaves which are made by the presence of veins in a leaf is called Leaf venation. The leaf venation are of two types: Reticulate and Parallel Venation. It is found that the plants which have reticulate venation also have tap root system and parallel venation plant have a fibrous root system.

Leaf Venation, Reticulate venation, parallel venation
Leaf Venation


It is the process of water loss from the leaves, stem, and flowers in the form of water vapors. Transpiration occurs through the stomata pores present in the lower surface of leaves.

Transpiration, getting to know plants



Photosynthesis is the process by which plants convert light energy into chemical energy. In this process, food is synthesized in the leaves with the help of sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water, which results in the formation of glucose and liberation of oxygen is called photosynthesis

Photosynthesis, food formation by leaves, ncert class 6 chapter 7

They act as an anchor and hold the plant with the soil and also absorb water and minerals from the soil. The two basic types of roots are Taproots and Fibrous Roots.

Roots, tap root, fibrous roots

It can be defined as the reproductive part of the plant which has male and female sex organs (Stamen and Pistil). The male organ is called as Androecium and the female sex organ of flower is called Gynoecium.

Flowers, petals, sepals, pistil, gynoecium, androecium, ovary, stamen, anther


Correct the following statements and rewrite them in your notebook.
(a) Stem absorbs water and minerals from the soil.
Answer: Root absorbs water and minerals from the soil

(b) Leaves hold the plant upright.
Answer: Stem holds the plant upright.

(c) Roots conduct water to the leaves.
Answer: Stem conducts water to leaves.

(d) The number of petals and sepals in a flower is always equal.
Answer: No, it depends upon the type of plant and family of plants.

(e) If the sepals of a flower are joined together, its petals are also joined together.
Answer: No, the petals will be separate.

(f) If the petals of a flower are joined together, then the pistil is joined to the petal.
Answer: The pistil may or may not be free or joined.

2. Draw (a) a leaf, (b) a taproot and (c) a flower, you have studied for Table 7.3.

3. Can you find a plant in your house or in your neighborhood, which has a long but a weak stem? Write its name. In which category would you classify it?
Answer: Yes, plants from Cucurbita family-like bottle guard or cucumber are the examples of week stem and are called creepers.

4. What is the function of a stem in a plant?
Answer: The functions of stem are:
  • To provide support and help to hold the plant upright.
  • To help in the conduction of minerals and nutrients from root to leaves and also from leaves to other parts of plants.

5. Which of the following leaves have reticulate venation?
Wheat, tulsi, maize, grass, coriander (dhania), China rose
Answer: China rose, Tulsi and coriander.

6. If a plant has a fibrous root, what type of venation does its leaves likely to have?
Answer: The fibrous root will have parallel venation, for example, wheat plant.

7. If a plant has leaves with reticulate venation, what kind of roots will it have?
Answer: The root will be the tap root system, for example, the banyan tree.

8. Is it possible for you to recognize the leaves without seeing them? How?
Answer: Yes, it is possible to recognize the pattern of leaves by seeing their roots system, we can tell the venation in leaves.

9. Write the names of the parts of a flower.
Answer: Peduncle, Petals, Sepals, Stamen, and Stigma.

10. Which of the following plants have you seen? Of those that you have seen, which one has flowers?
Grass, maize, wheat, Chilli, tomato, tulsi, pipal, Shisham, banyan, mango, Jamun, guava, pomegranate, papaya, banana, lemon, sugarcane, potato, groundnut
Answer: Guava, pomegranate, Papaya, Banana, Lemon, Tomato, Mango, Jamun, Chilli.

11. Name the part of the plant which produces its food. Name this process.
Answer: The leaves produce food for the whole plant and the process called photosynthesis.

12. In which part of a flower, you are likely to find the ovary?
Answer: Ovary will be found in the pistil, the lower swollen part of the flower.

13. Name two flowers, each with joined and separated sepals.
  • Plants with separated sepals:
  • Plants with joined sepals:

Keywords: Climbers, Conduct, Creepers, Fibrous roots, Herbs, Lamina, Lateral roots, Midrib, Ovule, Parallel Venation, Petal, Petiole, Photosynthesis, Pistil, Reticulate venation, Sepal, Shrubs, Stamen, Taproot, Transpiration, Trees, Veins, NCERT Class 6 Science Getting to Know Plants, CTET, CTET Paper-II, TGT, KVS, TET.

Pic Sources: Pixabay, Wikipedia, Created by Anil Kashyap

NCERT 6th Class Science

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