UNCRPD, 2006, United Nations Convention on the Rights of Person with Disabilities, www.educationphile.com

UNCRPD, 2006
United Nations Convention on the Rights of Person with Disabilities

It is the international human rights treaty of UN and it makes sure dignity and rights of persons with disabilities to be maintained by all the country. The person with disabilities enjoys full equality under the law. As per this treaty they are full and equal members of society. Convention was the first human right treaty of the 21st century

History

  • UN declared the year from 1981 to 1992 as the years for the person with disabilities and UNCRPD treaty discussions occur in this phase.
  • A committee was formed to know about the rights and problems and committee recommended to form a treaty between the countries to ensure full rights for the people with disabilities.
  • Sweden and Italy gave the outline of the treaty but no decision was taken on that time and denied by the members of UN stating that they have enough rules and laws according to that time.
  • In 2000, the five biggest NGOs working for the welfare of PWD (People with disabilities) appealed UN to adopt an international treaty to ensure the rights of PWDs.
  • In 2001, UN General assembly formed a committee on the recommendation by Mexico, in this work Mexico and New Zealand help to make the process fast and finally on 13, 2006 adopted by UN General Assembly.

 Foundation

  • This is adopted by UN General Assembly on 13 December, 2006.
  • Opened for signatories on 30 March, 2007.
  • In the history of UN convention it received the highest number of signatories on its opening day.
  • The condition was that it should be signed and ratified by at least 20 countries to pass this convention (ratification: to pass the bill in the country's parliament and should be accepted, then it is said to be ratified), in India it was ratified on 1 October 2007.
  • After signatories and ratification by 20 countries it came in force on 3 May, 2008.
  • As of November 2019 the total signatories are 163 and 181 parties which include 180 states and the European Union.


Content of UNCRPD
It has two parts
1. Preamble (प्रस्तावना, उद्देशिका)
It is having 25 paragraphs stating that why it is formed and its purposes, in Paragraph number eleven all the countries accepted that PWDs face problems and are undertreated and they should provide equal rights to them.

It also has wording from the Vienna Declaration and Programmes of Action
“All human rights are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated”. It states that PWDs also have equal rights.

2. It has a set of 50 Articles in which principles, purposes, how to implement the UNCRPD in the whole world have been discussed.

 Article 1
“To promote protest and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities and to promote respect for their inherent dignity”

Article 2
It has a definition of the concept that are discussed in the treaty for example: what is language, discrimination, universal design and reasonable accommodation.

Article 3
General Principles of UNCRPD in details, how to defeat discrimination, freedom of election, to connect PWDs with the society for equality and in an effective manner, equal opportunities and accessibility are included in this article.

Article 4
General Obligations, Responsibility of the countries, the implementation for the countries who ratified this law, and research and design technology for the welfare of PWDs and help them in every possible way.

Article 5
Equality and non-discrimination in details

Article 6
Women with disabilities

Article 7
Children with disabilities

Article 8
Awareness-raising

Article 9
Accessibility

Article 10
Right to life

Article 11
Situations of risk and humanitarian emergencies

Article 12
Equal recognition before the law

Article 13
Access to justice

Article 14
Liberty and security of person

Article 11
Situations of risk and humanitarian emergencies

Article 12
Equal recognition before the law

Article 13
Access to justice

Article 14
Liberty and security of person

Article 15
Freedom of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

Article 16
Freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse

Article 17
Protecting the integrity of the person

Article 18
Liberty of movement and nationality

Article 19
Living independently and being included in the community

Article 20
Personal mobility

Article 21
Freedom of expression and opinion, and access to information

Article 22
Respect for privacy

Article 23
Respect for home and the family

Article 24
Education

Article 25
Health

Article 26
Habilitation and rehabilitation

Article 27
Work and employment

Article 28
Adequate standard of living and social protection

Article 29
Participation in political and public life

Article 30
Participation in cultural life, recreation, leisure and sport

Article 31
Statistics and data collection

Article 32
International cooperation

Article 33 
National implementation and monitoring

Article 34
Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Article 35
Reports by States Parties

Article 36
Consideration of reports

Article 37
Cooperation between States Parties and the Committee

Article 38
Relationship of the Committee with other bodies

Article 39
Report of the Committee

Article 40
Conference of States Parties

Article 41
Depositary

Article 42
Signature

Article 43
Consent to be bound

Article 44
Regional integration organizations

Article 45
Entry into force

Article 46
Reservations

Article 47
Amendments

Article 48
Denunciation

Article 49
Accessible format

Article 50
Authentic texts

References:
Internet

Note: This article is just for informational and educational purposes especially for the b.ed students only and in brief for the full convention please visit above mentioned UN link. This site do not bear responsibility for the legality. 

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