Cerebral Palsy and Educational Provisions for Cerebral Palsy, www.educationphile.com

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy is a neuromuscular disorder and formed from two words “Cerebral” and “Palsy”.
So, Cerebral Palsy is the term, which is normally used to describe a group of problems or disorders which affect muscle coordination and body movements. Some affected individual can walk some need assistance. Some show normal or near-normal intellect others have intellectual disabilities. Epilepsy, blindness or deafness also might be present.
Definitions by National Institute of Neurological Disorders USA (2004):
  • Cerebral Palsy is an umbrella which includes a group of chronic disorders which normally affects movement control.
  • Cerebral is related to two hemispheres of the brain and palsy is a problem which affects the muscles or body movement. These problems arise due to faulty development of motor neurons in the brain and disrupts the ability to control body movement and posture.

According to Walter Zalcman (2004)
Cerebral Palsy term is related to describe a group of chronic conditions affecting the body movement and muscle coordination, which is caused by damage in one or more areas in the brain. The damage could occur at the foetus or infancy level and it is life long problem.
So we can say that “Cerebral Palsy” is a neuromuscular disorder which results due to damage in the brain before or after birth.

Causes of Cerebral Palsy

  • Genetic Problem
  • Infection during pregnancy
  • Trauma at the time of birth
  • Maternal infection during the pregnancy period
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Brain infection
  • Viral disease
  • Use of drugs or alcohol
  • Tumour or cancer or any kind of lesion in the brain

Problems due o Cerebral Palsy

  • Difficulty in Physical Movement
  • Sitting Problems
  • Speech Difficulties
  • Inability to Control Movement
  • Intellectual Impairment
  • Lack of coordination
  • Tremors or involuntary movements
  • Difficulty with sucking, swallowing or eating
  • Seizures
  • Difficulty in focusing (Eye problem)

Educational Provisions

1. Administrative Support

  • Transport service should be friendly.
  • There classes should be on the ground floor.
  • Furniture should be adjustable and comfortable.
  • Infrastructure such as doors, toilets, ramps, railings, drinking water should be there and friendly.

2. Adaptation in Curriculum and Pedagogical Support

  • Stress on writing, work should be less for there children because due to poor muscle control they are not able to write easily.
  • They could be slow in doing normal work so extra time should be given to them and in exam scribe should be provided to them.
  • Use of computer and typewriter to word should be encouraged from the junior level.
  • One-to-one instruction could be used.
  • Cooperative learning should be encouraged.
  • Learning through field trips which help in the development of concepts.

3. Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)

  • This is a multidisciplinary approach which involves teachers, parents, physiotherapist, occupational therapist, and psychologists. Cerebral palsy is an untreatable disorder.
  • So early detection and invention is helpful to decrease the effect of this disorder and supportive treatment can be given from a very early age to make the children self-reliable up to some extent.
  • Therapies can be used to improve posture and psychological status. Speech therapy can be used to treat if children have speech-related problems.
  • These programs can be improved over time, depending on the need and situation of the children.

For more details visit: https://youtu.be/sh-6IHGy3Ys

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